We can currently find a large number of programming languages. Many of them were popular more than a couple of decades ago and today they are only used in very specific sectors to maintain old systems. Others, on the contrary, are among the most used today and are essential to work in the sector.
The best programming language does not exist
It is impossible to recommend the best programming language. We can know which are the most used programming languages, which are the most requested by companies or the easiest to learn. But we cannot say that there is a better or worse language, since all are part, to a greater or lesser extent, of the IT sector.
Not all jobs related to this sector have the same needs at the developer level. A job like web page developer you won’t have to know the same languages as a mobile application programmer, or a PC software programmer. There are programming languages that can serve several things (and with the appropriate IDE they can even be ported), but the normal thing is that each user specializes in one (or more) according to the type of work they are looking for or want to perform.
It would be useless to learn right now to program in Cobol or in Fortran. If we really want to dedicate ourselves to programming, it is necessary to learn a used and popular programming language. This way we will have a greater probability of finding work and being able to dedicate ourselves to what we like.
Most demanded programming languages
50% of job postings usually ask for one of the 4 most popular programming languages. These programming languages are the most used and studied today and, therefore, are the most requested by companies.
Java, for example, it is the most widely used programming language. Although it allows creating cross-platform programs, today its popularity is due to the fact that it is the main language when creating applications for mobile devices. Android specifically. It is also a widely used programming language in household appliances. If we are thinking of specializing in programming apps for iOS, Java is of no use to us; we will have to learn Switft.
Outside of smartphones, to program all kinds of software for companies, home users, and even video games, the predominant and most sought-after programming language is undoubtedly C. And not only C, but also people specialized in programming with languages derived from it are usually sought. For example, the popular C ++ and C #, or their corresponding derivatives for graphical environments, such as Visual C ++ and Visual C #.
If the above are difficult for us and we want to specialize in an object-oriented programming language that is easy to learn and read, then we must focus on Python. This programming language is really flexible, which makes it more and more popular and companies demand it more year after year. With it, you can program everything from multiplatform PC applications to web development, Big Data and even Artificial Intelligence.
Finally, if we want to specialize in web development, the most used programming languages are:
- HTML and CSS for everything related to frontend. Although they are not programming languages as such (they are more like “markup languages”), we must know them.
- PHP and SQL for backend programming for the server. It is also recommended to have knowledge of PHP frameworks such as Codeigniter, Laravel or Synfony, among others.
Other knowledge that will help us find a job
If we are going to work as programmers, we cannot settle for just knowing the programming languages. We also need to acquire a series of knowledge that will help us get the most out of the programming language, knowledge that will help us earn points against other people who compete for the same position.
For example, companies often work with version control software to keep tabs on software development. Therefore, we must know and know how to correctly use tools such as Git. Knowledge of specific protocols, such as SOAP and REST.
Clean Code It is also usually another highly requested concept in order to ensure that the programming is clear, clean and correct. And, of course, we must have a certain level of English.
And finally, we must not underestimate the cloud. More and more companies depend on it since they offer a much lower cost than their own infrastructure and, in addition, the scalability possibilities are immense. Therefore, knowledge about containers, virtualization and As a Service They will help us be more likely to get the job we’ve been dreaming of for so long.